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Hauptmann

Hauptmann

definition : Hauptmann

{| style="border:1px solid #8888aa; background-color:#f7f8ff; padding:5px; font-size:95%; margin: 0px 12px 12px 0px; float:right; width:250px" |+ |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" colspan=2 align="center"| '''Hauptmann (Heer / Luftwaffe)''' |----- | align="center" colspan=2 style="border-bottom:2px solid gray;font-size:smaller" | |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" | Rank insignia || bgcolor="#dfefff" | German officer rank |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" | Introduction|| bgcolor="#dfefff" | 19th century |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" | Rank group|| bgcolor="#dfefff" | Commissioned officers |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" | Army / Air Force|| bgcolor="#dfefff" | Hauptmann |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" | Navy|| bgcolor="#dfefff" | Kapitänleutnant |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" | NATO
equivalent || bgcolor="#dfefff" | OF-2 |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" |Army|| bgcolor="#dfefff" | Captain |----- | bgcolor="#efefef" |Navy|| bgcolor="#dfefff" |Captain lieutenant |----- |}

Hauptmann is a German word usually translated as captain when it is used as an officer's rank in the German, Austrian and Swiss armies. While "haupt" in contemporary German means "main", it also has the meaning of "head", i.e. Hauptmann literally translates to "head man", which is also the etymological root of "captain" (from Latin caput head). It equates to Captain in the British and US Armies, and is rated OF-2 in NATO. (For the maritime counterpart to "Captain", see Kapitän.)

More generally, it can be used to denote the head of any hierarchically structured group of people, often as a compound word. For example, a Feuerwehrhauptmann is the captain of a fire brigade, while the word Räuberhauptmann refers to the leader of a gang of robbers.

Official Austrian/German titles incorporating the word include Landeshauptmann, Bezirkshauptmann, Burghauptmann and Berghauptmann.

In Saxony during the Weimar Republic, the titles of Kreishauptmann and Amtshauptmann were held by senior civil servants.

The word may cognate with the Swedish Hövitsman, which has the root meaning "Head man" or "the man at the head" and is closely related to the word "hövding," meaning Chieftain. Since medieval times, both titles have been used for state administrators rather than military personnel.

;See also:

== Rank insignia ==

On the shoulder straps (Heer, Luftwaffe) there are three silver pips (stars).

{| class="wikitable centered" |- style="background-color:#CEDAF2" ! Heer|| Luftwaffe |- | HA OS5 43 Hauptmann i.G..svg|

Hauptmann i.G.
(Gen. staff service)
HA OS5 43 Hauptmann PzGren.svg|
Hauptmann
(Mechanized infantry)
HA OS5 43 Hauptmann d.R. PzGren.svg|
Hauptmann d.R.
(Mech. infantry reserves)
| LA OS5 43 Hauptmann.svg|
Hauptmann
(field suit)
|}

{| class="toccolours" border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="border-collapse: collapse; margin: 0.5em auto; clear: both;" |- |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="2" style="background:#cfcfcf;" |junior Rank
Oberleutnant |width="40%" align="center" rowspan="1" style="background:#bfbfbf;" |28px 63px
German Bundeswehr officer rank
Hauptmann |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="2" style="background:#afafaf;" |senior Rank
Major |- |width="40%" align="center" style="background:#afafaf;" |Stabshauptmann |}

==External links== * [http://germa83.uni-trier.de/cgi-bin/DWBcgi/getDWBArticle.tcl?hauptmann+100+1+960 Deutsches Wörterbuch, Hauptmann]

Category:Military ranks of Germany Category:Military ranks of Austria Category:Military ranks Category:German words and phrases

de:Hauptmann (Offizier)

Texte soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hauptmann de Wikipédia

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